River Plate is an Argentinian football club from Buenos Aires. The full name is “Club Atlético River Plate” (after the English name of the river is La Plata). It was founded in 1901. The colors of the club are white-red-black. Nicknames include such names as Millionaires (Spanish: Los Millonarios), Machine (the legendary invincible team of the 1940s). Home matches held at the stadium “Monumental” [“Monumental”; the official name is “Estadio Antonio Vespusio Liberty” (“Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti”); it was built in 1938 and accommodates approx. 61, 7 thousand places. President (since September 19, 2016) is R. D’Onofrio.
The head coach (on 19.8.2016) is M. Gallardo. One of the most popular and most titled clubs (along with Boca Juniors) of Argentina and South America. They are the 36-time national champion (1920–2014) and winner of 8 national cups (1914–2014). In total in the championships of Argentina (as of 07/19/2016) he played 107 seasons – 3,750 matches: 1978 victories, 955 draws, 817 defeats, scored 6868 goals, missed 4218. In the international arena, he won the cup three times (1986, 1996 and 2015) and once – Intercontinental Cup (1986).
The main contender is Boca Juniors. The confrontation of the two clubs is called “Superclásico”. In the entire history of the River Plate derby – Boca Juniors 242 official matches were played: River Plate scored 78 wins, lost 86 matches, 78 meetings ended in a draw. The largest number of matches for the club held A. Karriso (520 in 1945-68). The best scorer in the history of the club is A. Labruna (317 goals in 1939–59). Club record holder for the season is B. Ferreira (43 goals in 1932). Other well-known players: C. Peuselye, A. Pederner, H. M. Moreno, F. Loustau, H. K. Muñoz, A. Di Stefano, O. Sivori, U. Filol, D. Passarelli, L. Luque, E Francescoli, O. Ruggeri, N. Pumpido, K. Kanidzha, E. Crespo, A. Ortega, M. Salas, H. Saviola, H. Mascherano, G. Higuain, D. Trezeguet. The most titled coaches in the history of the club: H. M. Minella, A. Labruna, E. Weir, and R. Dias. In addition to football (including women’s), there are numerous River Plate teams in play and non-play sports sections. The name “River Plate” is also used by football clubs from Aruba, Brazil, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and Ecuador.
History of River Plate
Have you ever found yourself in a time machine? You have such an opportunity – if one day you get to Buenos Aires and visit the Museum of the “River Plate” club. You will enter into the likeness of some ancient elevator, for half a minute you will be well shaken – and then you will exit to … the beginning of the 20th century. And go along the long mysterious corridor, entering the rooms located on both sides. In each of which is a decade. And at the exit – a huge locomotive on the rails, which made a hole in the brick wall. Each time incarnates in a pair of screens, one of which records the political and military events that took place at that time in Argentina and the world, and on the other — heads that River Plate scored (for example, one of the club’s victories takes place against the backdrop of … sinking “Titanic”) and a mini-stand with the real objects of that era. When, for example, “Rivera” had two nicknames: first was “Millionaires”, and after years – “Chickens”.
“Millionaires” – because from poor La Boca after a defeat in a full-time match, “River” moved to the Núñez area – one of the most respectable in the city where the well-to-do stratum lived and there was no crime. When the team played in the third Libertadores Cup, in one of the decisive matches, won in 11 minutes – 2: 0, but managed to give the opponents a level score and then lost on penalties. Furious incade “Rivera”, accusing the players of cowardice, at the next match began chanting: “Chicken!” And rivals, first of all “Boca”, it immediately picked up willingly. But over time, this “nickname” entered into such a routine that now the “hens” fans of “River Plate” are not offended.
“Millionaires” are “millionaires”, and the most characteristic part of the form “Rivera” – a red diagonal stripe across the entire T-shirt – appeared at the club not at all in millionaires. In 1901, that is, in the year of creation, the team had to meet with Maldonado, and the colors of the only set of the uniform of the two clubs completely matched. And then the president of “Rivera” found a way out. Not far from the stadium, where the team performed, the carnival procession took place the day before, and from there the ownerless red silk ribbon was borrowed, which was cut into pieces and sewn to the players’ forms. This is a cultural version, told to us in the club. There is another one – which the tape was not at all ownerless and was simply stolen from the carnival. The club takes pride in the breadth of its interests – River cultivates 56 sports, while Boca, which was not without pleasure, was emphasized to the students of the faculty of Management in Play Sports of the RMA business school during a guided tour of Monumental – only 15. And, walking along the arena, we heard, for example, the sounds characteristic of trap shooting.
At the same time, the most interesting thing is that racetracks, which separate the stands (though not so, of course, as in the “Puddle”) from the field, have not been used for a long time. Yes, in the 30s – 50s there were held the athletics tournaments of the Pan-American Games, but all this was already overgrown. And now there are concrete on these paths, nobody needs them. “River” is finally morally ripe in order to somehow reconstruct the “Monumental”, removing the tracks and bringing the stands to the field but until it comes from words to the case. But there is the old arena and very modern features. For example, on the perimeter of the entire stadium on the frame of the third tier – so that it could be seen by the audience of the second – TV monitors hang. And thousands of fans have the opportunity to see replays of the most interesting moments.
And if you go back to the ultramodern, unlike the stadium, museum, then the club had a difficult choice of whether to spend money on it or on a visor over Monumental. After much thought, given the good (albeit cooler than the Brazilian) climate, they made a choice in favor of the museum. And the fact that he makes a powerful impression is a fact.7
Two clubs – mortal enemies, “Boca” and “Rivera” have the same sponsor – BBVA bank. It turned out that strategy is not to cause aggression from the fans of the opposite camp. It’s clear that, if BBVA was a sponsor of one “Boca”, “River” would never go there – after all, football in Argentina (and in small Uruguay, where there are only 3 million people and no other entertainment, is even more) a life. So the bank decided to invest in financing one popular club in the country and another. They themselves, chronically in need of money, did not object. When a couple of years ago, “River” sensationally flew out of the elite division, causing a wild rejoicing of fans of “Boca”, emergency and powerful financial investments were made to the club in order to quickly return the legend back. It is said that this does not correspond to the usual Argentine realities – from the once popular clubs that flew to the lower division, the sponsors usually turn away.
In Argentina, the state’s influence on all aspects of life is very powerful – for example, it came up with the “Football for All” program and translated the top division matches from a paid channel to a free one, a great increase in income for clubs. It seems that the task of resuscitating the super popular “River” – taking into account the number of its “electorate” – was also set at the top. Hence the money, which should not have been – but they appeared. When the team went to the bottom, Alejandro Dominguez and former Spartak player Fernando Cavenagi rushed into it from Europe. They played successfully – and the team returned to the elite for a year, and Cavenaghi scored 19 goals in 38 matches. The goal of that season was mainly two of them, plus David Trezeguet, who is the captain there. They often thought that the case with Kawi and Chori would continue, and then the club would give them a turn away from the gate! And they are returning to Spain.
So, Almeida is to blame (now, by the way, he is no longer working at River, the team is headed by old associate of President Daniel Passarella Ramon Diaz, with whom they won the World Cup 78) This is a big question. One of the Russian connoisseurs of Argentine football, who has lived for many years in this country, said: “Most likely, this is slyness. They actually came to play for free to bring the club back to Example. When they left, it was logical to ask for good money. They were sent. It is unlikely that Almeida himself decided to remove people who scored during the season, probably 80% of the goals. They da Trezeguet everything and scored then. For the year, incidentally, the attackers in Rivera were never found, in fact.”